体睨
秒噔磬
棱蝾痂玎鲨/绣汨耱疣鲨
 
秒噔磬 arrow 软纛痨囹桕 arrow 韧遗怂攀矣浪芡叟 讶岩盘: 团着沂扰 讶岩盘 雅胰
项耢铗疱螯 铕桡桧嚯

窝臀论 团着沂日 掏纹叛衣

项蜩 礤麇蜿桴 祉铈羼蜮

朽耨祛蝠桁 铖眍忭 镱蜩 礤麇蜿桴 耔耱屐, 镳桠脲赅 蝾朦觐 襦禧 铖眍忭 爨蝈爨蜩麇耜桢 镱蜩. 佯邃 祉钽铟桉脲眄 疣犷, 镱疋眄 礤麇蜿桁 耔耱屐囔 [4-12, 26] (镳桠邃屙 蝾朦觐 礤觐蝾瘥 铖眍忭 疣犷螓 磬 痼耨觐 琨赍) 玎鬣耱簋 礤 邃桧铋 蝈痨桧铍钽梃. 青 礤犷朦扈 桉觌屙扈 桉镱朦珞屐 蝈痨桧铍钽棹, 镳桧蝮 [12].

觌囫耔麇耜铋 蝈铕梃 祉铈羼蜮 礤觐蝾瘥 屐屙* 桦 镳桧噤脲骅 礤觐蝾痤祗 祉铈羼蜮 ,4 桦 礤 镳桧噤脲骅 祉铈羼蜮 . 橡桧噤脲骓铖螯 祉铈羼蜮 祛骓 铒桉囹 镱祛 踵疣牝屦桉蜩麇耜铋 趔黻鲨 ), 觐蝾疣 镳桧桁噱 溻 珥圜屙

湾麇蜿铄 祉铈羼蜮 (fuzzy set) 镳邃耱噔弪 耦犷 耦忸牦镯铖螯 屐屙蝾 镳铊玮铍铋 镳桊钿, 铗眍耔蝈朦眍 觐蝾瘥 礤朦 镱腠铋 铒疱溴脲眄铖螯 篁忮疰溧螯 - 镳桧噤脲骅 腓 蝾 桦 桧铋 屐屙 疣耨爨蝠桠噱祛 耦忸牦镯铖蜩 溧眄铎 祉铈羼蜮 桦 礤 [12]. 酿筱桁 耠钼囔, 礤麇蜿铄 祉铈羼蜮 铗腓鬣弪 铗 钺眍泐 祉铈羼蜮 蝈, 黩 潆 怦艴 桦 鬣耱 邈 屐屙蝾 礤 耋耱怏弪 钿眍珥圜眍泐 铗忮蜞 磬 忸镳铖: 痂磬潆彐栩 桦 礤 镳桧噤脲骅 蝾 桦 桧铋 屐屙 疣耨爨蝠桠噱祛祗 礤麇蜿铎 祉铈羼蜮? 填骓 铗 忸镳铖 玎溧螯 镱-漯筱铎: 犭噤帼 桦 礤 邈 屐屙螓 礤觐蝾瘥 踵疣牝屦桉蜩麇耜桁 疋铋耱忸, 觐蝾痤 祛驽 猁螯 桉镱朦珙忄眍 潆 玎溧龛 钽 礤麇蜿钽 祉铈羼蜮?.

碾 铒疱溴脲龛 礤麇蜿钽 祉铈羼蜮 桉镱朦珞弪 钺钺龛 镱蜩 踵疣牝屦桉蜩麇耜铋 趔黻鲨 - 趔黻鲨 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩 /{) 镱赅琨忄 耱屣屙 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩 屐屙蜞 * 礤麇蜿铎 祉铈羼蜮 . 橡 铎 忸珈铈睇 蝠 耠篦:

() = 1 铉磬鬣弪 镱腠簋 镳桧噤脲骓铖螯 屐屙蜞 礤麇蜿铎 祉铈羼蜮 ;

() = 0 铉磬鬣弪, 黩 屐屙 礤 镳桧噤脲骅 礤麇蜿铎 祉铈羼蜮 ;

< // (jc) < 1 铉磬鬣弪, 囫蜩黜簋 镳桧噤脲骓铖螯 屐屙蜞 X 礤麇蜿铎 祉铈羼蜮 .

翌沅 礤麇蜿铄 祉铈羼蜮 祛驽 猁螯 铒疱溴脲眍 赅 祉铈羼蜮 箫铕漕麇眄 镟 = |溷, / (jt)J. 湾麇蜿桢 祉铈羼蜮 觐礤黜 觐腓麇耱忸 屐屙蝾 鬣耱 玎镨覃忄 忤溴

橡 铎 泐痂珙眚嚯 麇痱 礤 怆弪 珥嚓铎 溴脲龛, 镳栾桉噱 觐黻疱蝽 屐屙蜞 铒疱溴脲眄 耱屣屙彘 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩. 琼嚓 + 铉磬鬣弪 蝈铕弪桕-祉铈羼蜮屙眍 钺滂礤龛 屐屙蝾.

篷腓 屐屙螓 礤麇蜿钽 祉铈羼蜮 镳桧噤脲驵 镳铖蝠囗耱怏 X 徨耜铐鬻睇 觐腓麇耱忸 屐屙蝾, 蝾 礤麇蜿铄 祉铈羼蜮 桧钽溧 耔焘铍梓羼觇 玎镨覃忄 忤溴

湾麇蜿铖螯 鬣耱 矬蜞 忮痤蝽铖螯. 佯邃 礤铒疱溴脲眄铖蜩 恹溴 耱铛囫蜩麇耜簋 腓磴忤耱梓羼牦 礤铒疱溴脲眄铖蜩. 羊铛囫蜩麇耜 礤铒疱溴脲眄铖螯 耋耱怏 蝾朦觐 潆 蝾黜 铒桉囗睇 耦猁蜩, 觐蝾瘥 狍潴 祛泱 镳铊珙轵, 祛泱 礤 镳铊珙轵. 暑沅 耦猁蜩 镳铊珙, 镱蜩 忮痤蝽铖蜩 邈 耦忮瘌屙 蝈弪 耢.

隋犟梓羼赅 礤铒疱溴脲眄铖螯 铉磬鬣弪 礤铒疱溴脲眄铖螯 铒桉囗梃 耦猁蜩 礤玎忤耔祛 铗 怵屐屙 桴 疣耨祛蝠屙. 袜镳桁屦, 桁邋蝰 礤麇蜿铄 祉铈羼蜮 铖 麇腩忮赅 耦 珥圜屙扈 桤觇榛, 疱漤栝, 铌栝. 泽黻鲨 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩 珥圜屙 铌栝, 疣忭, 磬镳桁屦, 0,25 礤 铉磬鬣弪, 黩 忮痤蝽铖螯 0,25 犷朦 恹犷痍 狍潴 怦蝠鬻囹 恹耦觇 膻滂. 泽黻鲨 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩 铉磬鬣弪 腓 耋狷尻蜩忭簋 铞屙牦 耱屣屙 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩 镱蜩 铌栝 祉铈羼蜮 铖 麇腩忮赅.

骡邃屐 礤觐蝾瘥 镱蜩, 疋玎眄 礤麇蜿桁 祉铈羼蜮囔.

象耱 礤麇蜿桁 祉铈羼蜮铎 0 磬琨忄弪 礤麇蜿铄 祉铈羼蜮, 眈 耦溴疰帙邋 龛 钿眍泐 屐屙蜞. 灶痨嚯 趔黻鲨 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩 矬耱钽 祉铈羼蜮 疣忭 眢膻 潆 怦艴 邈 屐屙蝾.

禹桠屦耋 (箜桠屦襦朦眍 祉铈羼蜮) - 钺眍 祉铈羼蜮, 耦溴疰帙邋 疣礻圊 礤觐蝾痤泐 觐眚尻耱 怦 忸珈铈睇 屐屙螓. 灶痨嚯 趔黻鲨 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩 箜桠屦耋爨 疣忭 邃桧桷 潆 怦艴 屐屙蝾 祉铈羼蜮. 馏溴 钺铉磬鬣螯 箜桠屦耋 麇疱 X.

皖耔蝈脲 礤麇蜿钽 祉铈羼蜮 磬琨忄弪 麇蜿铄 镱潇眍驽耱忸 钺豚耱 铒疱溴脲龛 X, 耦溴疰帙邋 怦 屐屙螓, 潆 觐蝾瘥 趔黻鲨 镳桧噤脲骓铖蜩 礤麇蜿钽 祉铈羼蜮 铗腓黜 铗 眢 5(^) = supp(^) = |x: /[)> 0, 蹂諁.

湾麇蜿铄 祉铈羼蜮 磬琨忄弪 觐礤黜, 羼腓 邈 眍耔蝈朦 怆弪 觐礤黜 祉铈羼蜮铎. 湾麇蜿铄 祉铈羼蜮, 眍耔蝈朦 觐蝾痤泐 礤 怆弪 觐礤黜 祉铈羼蜮铎, 磬琨忄弪 徨耜铐鬻睇.

 
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