Примечания

  • 1 America Wants to Know. The Issue and the Answers of the Eighties / Complied by Dr. G. Gallup. New York: A&W Publishers, Inc., 1983. P. XIV.
  • 2 Cantril A.H. In Memorial: George Horace Gallup, Sr., 1901-1984 // Public Opinion Quarterly. 1984. Vol. 48. No. 4. P. 807-808.
  • 3 George H. Gallup Is Dead at 82; Pioneer in Public Opinion Polling // The New York Times Biographical Service. 1984. July 28. P. 917.
  • 4 World Association for Public Opinion Research Presents the 1999 Helen S. Dinerman Award to Hans L. Zetterberg. http://zetterberg.org/ WebOnl у/wo2000a.htm
  • 5 Ibid.
  • 6 Scipione PA., Gallup G.H., Sr. A Nation of Numbers...
  • 7 Ibid.
  • 8 McElwain M. Profiles in Communication. Iowa: Iowa Center for Communication Study, 1991. P. 3.
  • 9 Sussman B. What Americans Really Think and Why Our Politicians Pay No Attention. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988. P. 90.
  • 10 Gallup Genealogy. Gallop, Galloup, Galloupe, Gallupe, Gollop. 2d ed. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University, 1987. http://www.lynngal- lup.org/appen_g4 .htm
  • 11 The Founding of the Mary and John Clearing House. http://www. maryandjohnl630.com
  • 12 John Winthrop, 1st Governor of Massachusetts. http://www.gencir- cles.com/users/ulsterboyd/l/data/03497
  • 13 Thistlethwaite F. Dorset Pilgrims. The Story of Westcountry Pilgrims Who Went to New England in the 17th Century. London: Barrie & Jenkins, 1989; Bremer F.J. The Puritan Experiment. New England Society Form Bradford to Edwards. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1976; Lindgren C.H. Early Settlements in Massachusetts // Winthrop Society Quarterly. Vol. 2. No. 2. P. 14-24.
  • 14 Ladd E.C. The Shape of the American Ideology // Patterson T.E. We the People: A Concise Introduction to American Politics. 3rd ed. Boston: McGraw-Holl, 2000. P. R 1-3.
  • 15 Gallup J.D. The Genealogical History of the Gallup Family in the United States. Hartford, CT, 1893.
  • 16 Gallup Genealogy.
  • 17 John Gallop, http://www.famousamericans.net/johngallop
  • 18 Notes on John Gallup, http://www.geocities.com/gregory_of_the_ northcoast/JGallTwo.html
  • 19 Notes on John Gallup — My 9th Great-Grandfather. http://www.geocities. com/gregory_of_the_northcoast/JGallupOne.html
  • 20 Gallup, http://gheirlooms.topcities.com/gallup.htm; The Cochran Family http://www.alaska.net/~design/civilwar/cochrans.html. Pharamond King of Franks http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/ f01/а0020171.htm
  • 21 Электронное письмо Дж. Гэллапа (John Hoagland Gallup) Б. Докторову от 24 июля 2000 г.
  • 22 Электронное письмо О. Динна Б. Докторову от 30 августа 2000 г.
  • 23 Robinson D. The Measure of Democracy: Polling, Market Research, and Public Life, 1930-1945. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999. P. 42.
  • 24 Past and Present of Greene County, Iowa / Ed. by E.B. Stillman. Chicago: The S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1907. P. 96-98.
  • 25 Электронное письмо В. Огрей Б. Докторову от 13 февраля 2002 г.
  • 26 Hawbaker B.W. George Gallup, Iowa, and the Origin of the Gallup Poll // Palimpsest. 1993. No. 74 (Fall). P. 101.
  • 27 Gallup G.H. Book-of-the Month Club Project // Columbia University Oral History Collection. Part III. No. 192. P. 12.
  • 28 Ibid.
  • 29 Hawbaker B.W. Op. cit. P. 100-101.
  • 30 Sussman B. Op. cit. P. 87.
  • 31 Ibid. P.6.
  • 32 McElwain M. Op. cit. P. 1.
  • 33 Dr. Gallup’s Finger on America’s Pulse//Econometrics. 1997. Vol. 27. P. 95.
  • 34 Rickman IJB. Ioway to Iowa: The Genesis of a Corn and Bible Commonwealth. Iowa City: The State Historical Society of Iowa, 1931. P. 237- 238.
  • 3t> Gallup G.H. Book-of-the Month Club Project. P. 1-2.
  • 36 A Well-Deserved Honor // Des Moines Register. 1984. April 14.
  • 37 History of the University of Iowa. http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/spec- coll/Archives/chronohistory.htm
  • 38 Электронное письмо К. Ходсон Б. Докторову от 9 декабря 2002 г.
  • 39 Настоящий параграф в значительной степени базируется на материалах статьи: Hawbaker B.W. George Gallup, Iowa, and the Origin of the Gallup Poll // Palimpsest. 1993. No. 74 (Fall). P. 98-113.
  • 40 Hawbaker B.W. Op. cit. P. 103.
  • 41 Robinson D.J. The Measure of Democracy. Polling, Marked Research, and Public Life, 1930-1945. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999. P.53.
  • 42 Электронное письмо H. Гленна Б. Докторову от 26 декабря 2002 г.
  • 43 Iowan Editors Outline Plans // The Daily Iowan. 1922. March 4. P. 1.
  • 44 Hawbaker B.W. Op. cit. P. 104.
  • 45 Ibid.
  • 46 The Daily Iowan. Much More Than It Seems // Parent Times Online. 2000-2001. Vol. 44. No. 3. http://www.uiowa.edu/~ptimes/issues00- 01/spring00-01/di.html
  • 47 Gallup George Horace // Current Biography. Who’s News and Why. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, 1940. P. 320.
  • 48 Gould B., Gould B.B. American Story. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1968. P.78.
  • 49 Gallup G.H. George H. Gallup: A Personal History // Copy Research: A Historical Perspective / Ed. by B. Lipstein. New York: The Advertising Research Foundation, 1986. P. 47.
  • 50 George Gallup: Mr. Polling: An Interview with Dr. Gallup Conducted by R. Bartos / Journal of Advertising Research. 1986. Vol. 26. No. 1. P. 21.
  • 51 Этот раздел построен на материалах книги: Mills G. Harvey Ingham and Gardner Cowles, Sr.: Things Don’t Just Happen. Ames: Iowa State University, 1977.
  • 52 Mills G. Harvey Ingham and Gardner Cowles, Sr.: Things Don’t Just Happen. Ames: Iowa State University, 1977. P. 3.
  • 53 Ibid. P.34.
  • 54 Ibid. P. 53.
  • 55 Iowa Formula // Time. 1935. July 1. http://www.time.com/time/ar- chive/preview/0,10987,770044,00. html
  • 56 The Cowles World // Time. 1958. December 8. http://www.time.com/ time/archive/preview/0,10987,864523,00.html
  • 57 Friedricks W.B. Covering Iowa. The History of the Des Moines Register and Tribune Company, 1849-1985. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 2000. P. 137.
  • 58 Gallup G. Traits of Successful Retail Salespeople // Journal of Personnel Research. 1926. No. 4. P. 474-482.
  • 59 Ohmer S. The Science of Pleasure: George Gallup and Audience Research in Hollywood // Identifying Hollywood’s Audiences / Ed. by M. Stokes, R. Maltby. London: BGFI Publishing, 1999. P. 62.

Handbook of Applied Psychology Rinehart Publication / Ed. by D.H. Fryer. New York, 1950. P. 158.

Ingham H. How an Iowa Boy Has Made Good // Des Moines Register (?). 1938. October (?)

Gallup George, http://www.gallup.com/about/drgalliip.asp Converse J.M. Survey Research in the United States: Roots and Emergence, 1890-1960. Berkeley, 1987. P. 114-115.

Strong E.K., Jr. Psychological Aspects of Business. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1938. P. 103.

Ibid. P. 353.

Handbook of Applied Psychology Rinehart Publication / Ed. by D.H. Fryer. New York: Rinehart, 1950. P. 364-365.

Gallup G. The Miracle Ahead. New York: Harper& Row Publishers, 1964.

Mayer M. Madison Avenue, USA. New York: Cardinal Edition, 1959. P. 268.

Gallup G. A Scientific Method for Determining Reader-Interest // Journalism Quarterly. 1930. Vol. VII. No. 1. P. 1-13.

Ibid. P. 8.

Ibid. P. 6.

Ibid. P. 4.

Hawbaker B.W. Op. cit. P. 106.

Gallup G. A Scientific Method for Determining Reader-Interest. P. 9-12.

Jackson L. Fables of Abundance. A Cultural History of Advertising in America. New York: Basic Books, 1994. P. 334.

Strong E.K., Jr. Op. cit. P. 168.

Friedrichs W.B. Op.cit. P.61.

Moscowitz R. Stuffy. The Life of Newspaper Pioneer Basil «Stuffy» Walter. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1982.

Ibid. P. 39.

Ibid. P. 43.

Cowles G. Mike Looks Back: The Memoirs of Gardner Cowles, Founder of Look Magazine. New York: G. Cowles, 1985. P. 59.

Ads to Look // Time. 1937. November 8. http://www.time.com/time/ archive/preview/0,10987,770988,00. html

Gallup G. Guidebook for Parents of Children in the First Year of School. Dayton, Ohio: Institute for Development of Educational Activities, 1970.

Corporate History. Dr. Gallup as Teacher, http://www.gallup.com/ content/default.aspx?ci=1357&pg=3

Johns R. Seventy-Five Years of Excellence, Leadership // Quill & Scroll. 2001. October/November. P. 14.

Campbell L.R. Quill and Scroll Celebrates 50ty Anniversary // Quill & Scroll. 1976. April/May. P. 4.

Best Creative Work in American High Schools, 1926/27 / Ed. by G.H. Gallup. Iowa City: The National Honorary Society for High School Journalists, 1927.

  • 88 Bunker H.S., Gallup G.H., Harper W.H., Stout C.H. The Business Department of School Publications. Iowa City, IA: Lombard Press, 1927.
  • 89 Hawbaker B.W. Op. cit. P. 105.
  • 90 Friedrichs W.B. Op. cit. P. 86.
  • 91 Northwestern University Bulletin. University Register, 1931-1932. Chicago and Evanston, Published by the University.
  • 92 Columbia University in the City of New York. Announcement of the Graduate School of Journalism. 1935. 35th Series. No. 51. September 14; 1936. 36th Series. No. 50. September 12; 1937. 37th Series. No. 33. July 31. (Материалы были любезно предоставлены мне Дж.К. Уилком, помощником директора архива Колумбийского университета, Нью-Йорк.)
  • 93 Gallup G. The Miracle Ahead. P. 42-43, 77.
  • 94 Stanley Elam. http://www.pdkintl.Org/products/nnqv44n2.htm#k http://www.shelbyvilledailyunion.eom/pdfversion/000.OBITS_ar- chives/obits052004.html
  • 95 Elam S. How America Views Its Schools. The PDK/Gallup Polls, 1969- 1994. Bloomington: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, 1995. P. 2-3.
  • 96 Письмо Э. Брейнарда Л. Майерсу от 10 сентября 2003 г.
  • 97 Письмо Э. Брейнарда Б. Докторову от 8 октября 2005 г.
  • 98 Smith V., Gallup G.H. What the People Think about Their Schools: Gallup’s Finding. Bloomington: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, 1977. P. 6.
  • 99 A Decade of Gallup Polls of Attitudes Toward Education, 1969-1978 / Ed. by S.M. Elam. Introduction by G.H. Gallup. Phi Delta Kappa, Bloomington, 1978. P. 6.
  • 100 Электронное письмо Л. Роуза Б. Докторову от 10 февраля 2003 г.
  • 101 Gallup G. The Miracle Ahead. P. 201-202.
  • 102 Thorndike R.L., Gallup GJH. Verbal Intelligence of the American Adult //The Journal of General Psychology. 1944. Vol. 30. P. 75-85.
  • 103 Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology / Ed. by G.A Kimble, et al. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1991. P. XXII.
  • 104 Studies in Individual Differences: The Search for Intelligence / Ed. by J.J. Jenkins, D.G. Paterson. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1961. P. 562-572.
  • 105 First PhD in Lateral Thinking, http://www.sot.com.au/school/first- phd.htm
  • 106 Электронное письмо M. Хьюитт-Глисона Б. Докторову от 6 июля 2001г.
  • 107 Электронное письмо М. Хьюитт-Глисона Б. Докторову от 10 сентября 2001 г.
  • 108 The Politics of Education: An Interview with B. Barber by S. London. December 14, 1992. http://www.scottlondon.com/interviews/barber. html
  • 109 Электронное письмо M. Хьюитт-Глисона Б. Докторову от 10 сентября 2001 г.
  • 110 Benjamin L.T.,Jr. Hollingworth, Harry Levi // American National Bi111
  • 112 из
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ography. Vol. 11. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. P. 66-67; Obituary Describing the Life of Professor Harry L. Hollingworth, the Founder of the Department of Psychology, http://www.barnard.edu/ psych/museum/b_bchx.html#3

Raphelson A.C. Psychology at the University of Michigan. Vol. II: Biographical Sketches of Faculty Members Serving on the Staff during the Years 1897-1945. University of Michigan Flint College. http://www. lsa.umich.edu/psych/welcome/PsychDeptHistoryVol2.pdf Hotchkiss G.B. Milestones of Marketing: A Brief History of the Evolution of Market Distribution. New York: Macmillan, 1938.

Strong, Edward Kellog, Jr. // The National Cyclopedia of American Biography. Vol. 51. New York: James T. White and Company, 1969. P. 254.

Poffenberger A.T. Psychology in Advertising. New York: A.W. Shaw, 1925.

Lucas D.B., Benson C.E. Psychology for Advertisers. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1930.

Lipstein B. A Historical Retrospective of Copy Research // Journal of Advertising Research. 1984. Vol. 24. No. 6. P. 11-15.

Lipstein B. Copy Research Pioneers: Some of their Origins // Copy Research: A Historical Retrospective / Ed. by B. Lipstein. New York: The Advertising Research Foundation, 1986. P. 13.

Ogilvy D. The Unpublished David Ogilvy / Ed. by J. Raphaelson. New York: Crown, 1986. P. 106.

Ads in Funnies // Time. 1932. June 13. http://www.time.com/time/ archive/preview/0,10987,743832,00.html

Advt. of the Week // Time. 1932. July 18. http://www.time.com/ time/archive/preview/0,10987,753398,00.html George Gallup: Mr. Polling... P. 23.

Bunker H.S., Gallup G.H., Harper WJH., Stout C.H. The Business Department of School Publications.

Ibid. P. 66-67.

Gallup G. A Scientific Method for Determining Reader-Interest. P. 1-13. Gallup G. Survey of Reader Interest in Saturday Evening Post, Liberty, Collier’s, Literary Digest. Northwestern University, 1931.

Fox S. Op. cit. P. 138.

Ibid.

Daniels D. Giants, Pigmies, and Other Advertising People. Chicago: Crain Communications, Inc., 1974. P. 44.

Rudolph H.J. Four Million Inquires from Magazine Advertising. New York: Columbia University Press, 1936.

Gallup G.H. Foreword // Rudolph H.J. Four Million Inquires from Magazine Advertising. P. v-vi.

Gallup G.H. Factors of Reader Interest in 261 Advertisements. New York (?), 1932.

Gallup G.H. Survey of Reader Interest in the Various Sections of Sunday Newspapers to Determine the Relative Value of Rotogravure as an Advertising Medium. Chicago (?): Kimberly-Clark Corporation, 1933.

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Fox S. Op. cit. P. 128.

Ibid.

Ibid. P. 137.

Daniels D. Op. cit. P. 38.

Ibid. P. 43.

Allen S. van George Gallup. Twentieth-Century Pioneer, www.gallup. com/poll/content/default.aspx?ci=9961

Gallup G. How Advertising Works // Journal of Advertising Research. 1974. Vol. 14. No. 3. P. 7.

Ogilvy D. The Unpublished David Ogilvy. P. 64-65.

Ogilvy D. Blood, Brains & Beer. The Autobiography of David Ogilvy. New York: Atheneum, 1978. P. 45.

OhmerS. Op. cit. P. 61-80.

Ogilvy D. An Autobiography. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997. P. 68.

Gallup G.H. A Personal History // Copy Research: A Historical Perspective / Ed. by B. Lipstein. New York: The Advertising Research Foundation, 1986. P. 51.

Ogilvy D. An Autobiography. P. 69.

Watkins J.L. The 100 Greatest Advertisements. Who Wrote Them and What They Did. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1949. P. 229. Fox S. Op.cit. P. 225.

Higgins D. The Art of Writing Advertising. Conversations with Masters of the Craft. Lincolnwood (Chicago): NTC Business Books, 1965. P. 73.

Ibid. P. 79.

Ogilvy D. An Autobiography. P. 166.

Ogilvy D. Ogilvy on Advertising... P. 16.

Daniels D. Op. cit. P. 44.

Gallup G.H. A Personal History. P. 49.

Ibid. P. 14.

Gallup G. How Advertising Works. P. 8-10.

Gallup G.H. A Personal History. P. 49-50.

Greyser SA., Bauer RA. Americans and Advertising: Thirty Years of Public Opinion // Public Opinion Quarterly. 1966. Vol. 30. No. 1. P. 70. Borden N.H. The Economic Effects of Advertising. Chicago: Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1942.

Bauer RA., Greyser SA. Advertising in America: The Consumer View. Boston: Harvard University, 1968. P. 398-399, 402.

The Black & White Beans // Time. 1948. May 3. http://www.time. com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,798516,00.html Gallup G.H. Book-of-the Month Club Project. P. 99.

Westport K.W. Connecticut: The Story of a New England Town’s Rise to Prominence. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Fishkin J.S. The Voice of the People. Public Opinion and Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995. P. 4.

Gallup G. Governing and the Sampling Referendum // Journal of the American Statistical Association. 1938. Vol. 33. P. 131.

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Gallup G. Reporting Public Opinion in Five Nations // Public Opinion Quarterly. 1942. Vol. 6. No. 3. P. 429-436.

The Iowa Award, http://www.sos.state.ia.us/publications/redbook/ profile/8-16.html

In Memoriam. George Horace Gallup, Sr. By Albert H. Cantril // Public Opinion Quarterly. 1984. Vol. 48. Issue 4 (Winter). P. 807.

Bryce James and the Academy of Political Science // Political Science Quarterly. 1938. Vol. 53. No. 3 (September). P. 321-327. http://links. jstor .org/sici?sici=0032-3195% 28193809% 2953% 3 A3% 3C321 % 3A- JBATAO% 3E2.0.CO% 3B2-4

Bryce J. The American Commonwealth. Vol. II. Ch. LXXVIII. 2nd ed. London: MacMillan and Co., 1891.

Ibid. P. 276.

Ibid. P. 256.

Ibid. P. 257.

Ibid. P. 250.

Ibid. P. 250-251.

Gallup G.H. Preserving Majority Rule // Polling on the Issues / Ed. by A.H. Cantril. Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1980. P. 171. Fishkin J.S. The Voice of the People.... P. 79.

Gallup G. The Changing Climate for Public Opinion Research // Public Opinion Quarterly. 1957. Vol. 21. No. 1. P. 23.

Allen S. van George Gallup, Twentieth-Century Pioneer. http://www.

gallup.ro/romana/about_ro/20th_pioneer_ro.htm

Gallup G. Reporting Public Opinion in Five Nations // Public Opinion

Quarterly. 1942. Vol. 6. No. 4. P. 430.

Gallup G.H. Preserving Majority Rule // Polling on the Issues / Ed. by A.H. Cantril. Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1980. P. 174. Fishkin J.S. The Voice of the People... P. 76-80.

London S. Electronic Democracy // A Literature Survey. 1994. March, http: //www.scottlondon.com/reports/ed. html Fishkin J.S. The Voice of the People... P. 79.

Fishkin J.S. Virtual Democratic Possibilities: Prospects for Internet Democracy. Prepared for the Conference on «Internet, Democracy and Public Goods». Belo Horizonte, Brazil, November 6-10, 2000. P. 10. http://www.la.utexas.edu/research/delpol/papers/brazil_paper.pdf Gallup G„ Rae S.F. The Pulse of Democracy... P. 76.

Hawbaker B.W. Op. cit. P. 107.

Электронное письмо Э. Бакнера Б Докторову от 4 июня 2001 г. Fisher К. A History of Washington County, Iowa. Washington Iowa, 1978. P.202.

Gallup A. Interview, http://www.pbs.org/fmc/interviews/agallup. htm

Gallup G., Jr. Interview, http://www.pbs.org/fmc/interviews/ggal- lup.htm

Crossley A.M. Straw Polls in 1936 // Public Opinion Quarterly. 1937. Vol. 1. No. 1. P. 29.

  • 192 Ohmer S. Op. cit. P. 8.
  • 193 Zetterberg H.L. US Election 1948: The First Great Controversy about Polls, Media, and Social Science. Paper Presented at the WAPOR Regional Conference on «Elections, News Media and Public Opinion» in Pamplona, Spain, November 24-26, 2004. http://zetterberg.org/Lec- tures/1041115.htm
  • 194 Moore D.W. The Superpollsters. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1992. P. 47.
  • 195 Ibid.
  • 196 The Black & White Beans // Time. 1948. May 3. http://www.time. com/time/archive/preview/O,10987,798516,00. html
  • 197 Meyer ЕЛ. Newspaper Publisher Looks at the Polls // Public Opinion Quarterly. 1940. Vol. 4. No. 2. P. 238.
  • 198 Ibid.
  • 199 Pursey M.J. Eugene Meyer. New York: Alfred F. Knopf, 1974. P. 246.
  • 200 Sharing the Progress // Time. 1941. July 14. http://www.time.com/ time/archive/preview/0,10987,849438,00.html
  • 201 Pursey M.J. Op. cit. P. 21.
  • 202 Ibid. P.22.
  • 203 Helen Rogers Reid (1882-1970) // Signorielli N.D. Women in Communication: A Biographical Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996. P.312-320.
  • 204 Herald Tribune’s Lady // Time. 1934. October 8. http://www.time. com/time/archive/ preview/0,10987,770005,00. html
  • 205 Moore D.W. Op. cit. P. 31.
  • 206 Scene of Peace // Time. 1935. November 11. http://www.time.com/ time/archive/preview/0,10987,848166,00.html
  • 207 Now and November // Time. 1936. January 6. http://www.time.com/ time/archive/preview/0,10987,755558,00.html
  • 208 Ibid.
  • 209 Gallup G. The Sophisticated Poll Watcher’s Guide. Princeton: Opinion Press, 1976. P. 66.
  • 210 Moore D.W. Op. cit. P. 48.
  • 211 The Gallup Poll. Public Opinion 1935-1971. Vol. 1: 1935-1948 / Ed. by G. Gallup. New York: Random House, 1972. P. 39.
  • 212 Gallup G. The Sophisticated Poll Watcher’s Guide. P. 65.
  • 213 Charles W.R., Albert H. Cantril A.H., Jr. Polls: Their Use and Misuses in Politics. New York: Basic Books. Inc., 1972. P. 10.
  • 214 Gallup G. The Sophisticated Poll Watcher’s Guide. P. 66.
  • 215 Gallup G., Rae S.F. The Pulse of Democracy... P. 41.
  • 216 Half-Million Votes in «Digest» Poll // The Literary Digest. 1936. September 26.
  • 217 Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. http://www.uselec- tionatlas.org/USPRESIDENT/frametextj.html
  • 218 Gallup G., Rae S.F. The Pulse of Democracy. ..P.44.
  • 219 Editors’ Afterthoughts. Time. 1936. November 16. http://www.time. com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,756918,00.html
  • 220
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Marmarelli R. Literary Digest Polls and the «Dry-Wet» Debate, 1922- 1932. Presented to the History Division at the Association for Education in Journalism Annual Convention in Athens, Ohio, July 1982. Письмо П. Фанка Б. Докторову от 15 октября 2001 г.

Письмо П. Фанка Р. Мармарелли от 16 марта 1981 г.

Digested Digest // Time. 1937. June 28. http://time-proxy.yaga.com/ time/archive/preview/0,10987,788099,00.html Editors’ Afterthoughts. Time. 1936. November 16.

Gallup G., Rae S.F. The Pulse of Democracy... P. 54-55.

Roper, Elmo // American National Biography: Vol. 18. New York, 1999. P. 850-851; Roper, Elmo // The National Cyclopedia of American Biography. Vol. J: 1960-1963. New York: James T. White and Company, 1964. P. 486-487; Crossley A.M. In Memoriam: Elmo Burns Roper, Jr. // Public Opinion Quarterly. 1971. Vol. 35. No. 3. P. 500.

 
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